FEMA is law know as Foreign Exchange Management Act this is enacted in relation to foreign exchange with key future of facilitating foreign trade mainly for promoting, enhancing and maintenance of foreign exchange transactions in India. If Foreign company or Individual makes investments in India or a Indian company or Individual make Investment outside India, They needs to abide with the rules and regulations set out by FEMA, Directorate of foreign trade and RBI.

An increased flow of investments, in as well as out has increased the level of scanning on the compliances in relation to foreign exchange. The requirements emerge between individuals and Corporates to keep an eye on foreign exchange settlements, in the conditions of caps on sectors, caps on investments, to avoid paying the huge penalties.

Foreign direct investment (FDI) is when a foreign company takes controlling interest in a business entity in India. With FDI in India, Foreign companies directly involve in day to day operations in India. This means not only just bringing money into the company, but also input the knowledge, skills and technology.

Normally, Foreign Direct Investment in India happens when an investor from a foreign business acquires business assets in India, including establishing ownership or controlling interest in a company located in India.

Investment Inbound – FDI in India

India offers appealing open doors for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Since opening up of economy in 1991 India has embraced continuous yet dynamic methodology towards FDI. Because of progressively Economic Reforms and Free exchange strategy of Indian Government. furthermore, different advantages like access of Best Human Power accessible in Indian Market, progressively Foreign Companies are approaching to set up business in India. A Foreign Company can set up a business in India according to conditions set down in FDI strategy of RBI. Remote individual can likewise turn into a chief of Indian organization subject to one executive being an Indian Citizen and occupant in India.

As on date significant divisions are accessible for FDI under Automatic Route. In spite of the fact that for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) reason, the vast majority of the divisions don't require any earlier endorsement, the Non Resident needs to consent to evaluating and documentation necessities and that is the place the Company helps the outsider in successful consistence.

Routes in which India receives FDI

Automatic Route:

The non-residents or Indian organization doesn't require earlier approval of the RBI or legislature of India for FDI.

Government Route:

The administration's approval is compulsory. The organization should record an application through Foreign Investment Facilitation Portal, which encourages single-window freedom. The application is then sent to the particular service, which will affirm/dismiss the application in consultation with the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce. DPIIT will give the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for handling of utilizations under the current FDI strategy.

Sectors which go under the ' 100% Automatic Route' classification are

Agribusiness and Animal Husbandry, Air-Transport Services (non-planned and different administrations under common flight division), Airports (Greenfield + Brownfield), Asset Reconstruction Companies, Auto-segments, Automobiles, Biotechnology (Greenfield), Broadcast Content Services (Up-connecting and down-connecting of TV channels, Broadcasting Carriage Services, Capital Goods, Cash and Carry Wholesale Trading (counting sourcing from MSEs), Chemicals, Coal and Lignite, Construction Development, Construction of Hospitals, Credit Information Companies, Duty Free Shops, E-business Activities, Electronic Systems, Food Processing, Gems and Jewelry, Healthcare, Industrial Parks, IT and BPM, Leather, Manufacturing, Mining and Exploration of metals and non-metal minerals, Other Financial Services, Services under Civil Aviation Services, for example, Maintenance and Repair Organizations, Petroleum and Natural gas, Pharmaceuticals, Plantation part, Ports and Shipping, Railway Infrastructure, Renewable Energy, Roads and Highways, Single Brand Retail Trading, Textiles and Garments, Thermal Power, Tourism and Hospitality and White Label ATM Operations

Shoplegal services offered under this segment includes,

  • Shoplegal advising and helping on choice of right structure including substance determination, for example, branch office, liaison office, Project office and so forth,. Furthermore - capital organizing,
  • Advice on Foreign Exchange Regulations and Corporate Laws (FEMA) including consistence of FDI sectoral tops and answering to RBI under the Automatic Route and getting endorsements under the Approval Route.
  • Advice on choosing charge successful purview for passage into India.
  • Registration in the Company structure, if there should be an occurrence of Indian Subsidiary organization of Foreign Parent.
  • Advising on organizing of mergers and procurement of Assets, Business or securing through offer buy. Due industriousness administration and aid usage of expense effective structure.
  • Obtaining different endorsements under the said Act from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and furnishing help with conforming to prerequisite recommended by the RBI, recording of insinuations, Statutory Forms and Returns and enlistment with FIRMS.

Investments Outbound – Overseas Direct Investment (ODI)

FEMA Regulations permit investment by a Indian entity in overseas business with certain limits as stipulated from time to time. Not only large business entities even Small and Medium enterprises has also taken benefit through this and spread their business to make entry in overseas market, or to build supply chain gap by purchasing overseas entities.

Overseas investment in the nature of capital account is a regulated business transaction. There are rarely any sectors caps for overseas investments such as real estate all other sectors can go for overseas direct investment.

Payments towards investment in equity or debt in company outside India are to be done through authorized dealer bank and are subject to certain reporting with Reserve Bank of India through AD Bank.

The various services provided by Shoplegal under this category are as follows.

  • Issue of compliance certificate under FEMA and RBI rules and regulation
  • Co ordination and Liasioning with the authorized dealer bank
  • To provide necessary reply to RBI on the query raised.
  • Drafting and submission of Annual Returns on assets and Liabilities and Annual Performance Reports with RBI.
  • Issuing certificate on the Net Worth of the Indian business entity investing outside India.